|Nalanda, is famous all over the world for the the ancient International Monastic University established in 5th century BC, which taught Vedas, Logic, Grammar, Medicine, Meta-Physics, Prose Composition and Rhetoric. Nalanda district is popularly known as Biharsharif. The rivers Phalgu, and Mohane flows through the district of Nalanda. The various sub divisions of the district are Biharsharif , Rajgir , and Hilsa. The district is divided into blocks of Giriyak, Rahui, Nursarai, Harnaut, Chandi, Islampur, Rajgir, Asthawan, Sarmera, Hilsa, Biharsharif, Ekangarsarai, Ben, Nagarnausa, Karaiparsurai, Silao, Parwalpur, Katrisarai, Bind, and Tharthari. It is spread over the area of 2,367 sq. kms. The total population of the district is 19,97,995.
Agriculture is the main source of occupation. The farmers mainly grow paddy, apart from it they grow Potato, and Onion. Few people of the district are also involved in handloom weaving. Since the district is a famous tourist destination, tourism plays a vital role in the economy of Nalanda.
||Biharsharif (known as Nalanda district)
||2,367 sq. kms.
||1006 per sq km
||Biharsharif, Rajgir, Hilsa.
||Giriyak, Rahui, Nursarai, Harnaut, Chandi, Islampur, Rajgir, Asthawan, Sarmera, Hilsa, Biharsharif, Ekangarsarai, Ben, Nagarnausa, Karaiparsurai, Silao, Parwalpur, Katrisarai, Bind, Tharthari.
||Rich Paddy Fields, Potato, Onion.
Details of Sub-divisions, Anchal, Halkas and Revenue Villages:
|| Revenue Division
|| No. of Anchals
||No. of Halkas
||No. of Revenue Villages
Details of Local Bodies:
The detailed account regarding the number of the local bodies is as below:
||Classification of Municipal and Local Bodies
The popular heritage sites of Nalanda district are as follows:
- Nalanda University Archaeological Complex
- Nalanda Archaeological Museum
- Hieun Tsiang Memorial Hall
- Pawapuri jal mandir
- Vishwa Shanti Stupa
- Griddhakoot Hill
- Bimbisara Jail
- Maniyar Math
- Sone Bhandar
- Jarasandh Ki Baithak Pippala Cave
- Saptaparni Cave
- Ajatshatru Stupa
- Fortification Walls
- Venuvana Vihara
Famous institutes of Nalanda district are:
- Nav Nalanda Mahavihara
- Micro Computer Institute
- Sainik School Nalanda
- Nalanda College